Hey Students, I Am Arhan Khan From pdf downloads- today I Am Going to Provide You the last lesson extra questions Which Will Help You to Building Concepts in the last lesson question answers pdf and Notes You Can Score Marks in Classes Tests, Periodic Test and Also in Cbse Board Exam. From Here You Can Also Download the the last lesson class 12 pdf Totally Free
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Alphonse Daudet is a French author, famous for his short stories and novels that depict realism, human sentiments and humour in a simple way. “the Last Lesson”, one of his best-known stories, is a story about national pride, the signiﬁcance of education and how education is a privilege for some. e story emphasises on not taking education for granted. It is a powerful story with contemporary approach which is weaved in a simple narrative.
e narrator of the story is a little school boy, Franz. e story opens with Franz being late for the school on a beautiful warm morning. He was scared that his teacher M. Hamel would scold him because he was late and had not learned his French lesson on participles. As it was a beautiful day, he was tempted to run away from school and spend it outdoors but he decides to go to school ﬁnally.
On his way to school, he passed through the town hall, there he saw a crowd gathered around a bulletin-board. In the past, all the bad news had come from that board during the war. Franz wondered what the news was, this time but hurried to school.
When Franz reached school, unlike other days there was an unusual silence. He hurried towards his classroom. Franz was surprised to see that everybody was already in their seats and the last benches were occupied by the elders of the village and all of them looked sad. M. Hamel also seemed kinder than usual.
He was dressed in his special clothes which he wore only on special occasions. As Franz sat wondering about what was happening, M. Hamel announced that it was his last French class. ere had been an order from Berlin that only German would be taught in schools of Alsace and Lorraine.
After this announcement Franz was overcome with feeling of regret for he had wasted his time in petty things. M. Hamel tells everybody that French is a very beautiful language. He further added that they would be made fun of by people for calling themselves French because they could not write or speak their own language.
then M. Hamel asked Franz to recite the rules of participles but he was very kind when Franz was unable to recite the rules. He also remarked that many parents preferred to send their children to work rather than to school. As the class progressed M.
Hamel taught the grammar for the last time very patiently followed by writing lesson. e elders came to show their respect towards M. Hamel for his hard work and dedication of forty years. At twelve, the church bell struck and it was the end of their last lesson. M. Hamel was ﬁlled with strong emotions and wrote on blackboard, Vive La France!– Long live France!
Previous Years’ CBSE Board Questions
The last lesson very short question answer – SA I (2 marks)
1. How is the mother tongue important to a person? What does M. Hamel, the teacher say about it? (2020)
1. Mother tongue is important because it is ﬁrst and foremost that unites people and gives them an identity and it is their strength, key to freedom in times of enslavement. M. Hamel was a patriot and regarded mother tongue to be a means of holding one’s identity and self-respect.
2. What tempted Franz to stay away from school? (Delhi 2014)
2. Franz was tempted to stay away from school because he was running late, he had not revised his lessons on participles and was dreading a scolding from his teacher, M. Hamel. Moreover, it was a warm, bright day, the birds were chirping at the edge of the woods. e Prussian soldiers were drilling in the open ﬁeld at the back of the sawmill. Altogether, the outdoor seemed more interesting to Franz than going to school.
3. Why were the elders of the village sitting in the classroom? (AI 2014)
3. the elders of the village were sitting in the classroom to attend the last French lesson by M. Hamel. ey were there not only to pay their respect to M. Hamel, but also to their country and mother tongue that was perhaps being taught for the last time in the village.
4. What words did M. Hamel write on the blackboard before dismissing the last class ? What did they mean ? (Delhi 2014 C)
4. Before dismissing the last class, M. Hamel wrote “Vive La France!” on the blackboard. e French expression means “Long Live France.”
5. What made M. Hamel cry towards the end of this last lesson? (AI 2014 C)
5. Towards the end of the class, M. Hamel cried because he was deeply saddened by the thought that France was no longer a free country. Alsace and Lorraine had been occupied by the Germans and from now on his beloved language French would not be taught in the schools.
6. What was unusual about M. Hamel’s dress on his last day in the school? (AI 2014 C)
6. On his last day in the school, M.Hamel put on his beautiful green coat, frilled shirt and a silk cap. It was an attire he would wear on important occasions.
7. How did Franz react to the declaration that it was their last French lesson? (Delhi 2013)
7. Franz was overcome with a feeling of remorse and regret when he heard that hence forth only German was to be taught in the schools of Alsace and Lorraine. He wished that he hadn’t spent so much time in trivial pursuits like seeking birds’ eggs, or going sliding in the Saar. e books that seemed such a nuisance earlier appeared like old friends now.
8.What a thunderclap these words were to me!” What were the words that shocked and surprised the narrator?(Delhi 2013)
8. e narrator was shocked and surprised to hear from M. Hamel that it was going to be their last French lesson. e order had been sent from Berlin to teach only German in the schools of Alsace and Lorraine and the new teacher was expected to arrive the very next day.
9. What did M. Hamel tell them about the french language? What did he ask them to do and why? (Delhi 2013)
9. M. Hamel said that the French was the most beautiful language in the world-the clearest and the most logical. He asked the students and the village elders to guard it and never forget because it would give them a cultural identity, a sense of freedom and would also help them to remain united.
10. What was the order from Berlin and what changes did it cause in the school? (AI 2013)
10. e order from Berlin was to teach only German in the schools of Alsace and Lorraine. As this was going to be his last day at the school M. Hamel had put on his best clothes, which he wore only on special occasions, e whole school seemed so strange and solemn. On the back benches that were always empty, the elderly village people were sitting quietly with a sad visage. Some of them were even crying. e students paid a great deal of attention during their last French lesson, even the little ones. Most aﬀected was M. Hamel. Although he taught every lesson with dedication, he looked sombre and pensive with tears in his eyes.
11. What changes did the order from Berlin cause in the school ? (Delhi 2012)
11. Refer to answer 10.
12. How did M. Hamel say farewell to his students and the people of the town ? (AI 2012)
12. M. Hamel announced in the class that it was going to be the last French lesson. He regretted not being stricter when there was enough time to teach French. He asked everybody to preserve their language, French, since it was the most beautiful of all languages. He also said that their language was the key to their freedom. At last, he stood up on his chair to say something. However, his melancholy made him choke. So, instead, he wrote “Vive La France!” on the blackboard and making a gesture with his hand, he said, “School is dismissed, you may go.”
13. What was Franz expected to be prepared with for the school that day? (Delhi 2011)
13. Franz was expected to be prepared with the rules of participles for the school that day.
14. What had been put up on the bulletin board? (Delhi 2011)
14. there was an order from Berlin that only German was to be taught in the schools of Alsace and Lorraine.
15. Who did M. Hamel blame for the neglect of learning on the part of boys like Franz? (Delhi 2011)
15. M. Hamel blamed the pupils, their parents and to quite an extent, himself too for the neglect of learning French. Everybody, at some point of time, thought that there was still time to learn the language.
16. Franz thinks, “Will they make them sing in German, even the pigeons?” What does this tell us about the attitude of the Frenchmen? (AI 2011)
16. It shows the pitiable state of the Frenchmen. ey feared the German atrocity. ey thought that they would be forced to learn and read German and no one will be spared.
17. “What a thunderclap these words were to me!” —Which were the words that shocked and surprised Franz? (AI 2011)
17. M. Hamel announced in the class that this would be the last French lesson he would be teaching them. He disclosed that an order had come from Berlin. All the schools of Alsace and Lorraine would now teach only German. e new teacher was to come the next day. e news le everyone shocked and grieved.
The last lesson short question answer – SA II (3 marks)
18. Why were the old men of the village sitting in the classroom on the last day of the lesson? (AI 2019)
18. e village people, including the former Mayor, the former postmaster, old Hauser and several others, occupied the back benches in the classroom on the day of the last lesson. ey had come to pay respect to the teacher, M. Hamel for his faithful service and also to the country that was no longer theirs. Being present for the last lesson was an opportunity for everybody to bid farewell to their mother tongue and also to rid the conscience of the guilt of not having learnt the language when there was still time.
19. Who did M. Hamel blame for the neglect of learning on the part of boys like Franz? (Delhi 2019)
19. Refer to answer 15.
20. Why was Franz not scolded for reaching the school late that day?
21. Who occupied the back benches in the class room on the day of the last lesson ? Why?
22. Why did M. Hamel write ‘Vive La France!’ on the blackboard?
23. “We’ve all a great deal to reproach ourselves with,” said M. Hamel. Comment.