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CLASS 11 NEET CHAPTER 1IOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION NCERT LINE BY LINE QUESTION WITH SOLUTION
1) _ was the earliest to attempt a scientific basis of classification. 2) Aristotle classified plants into ,_ and__
3) He divided animals into _ no of groups, one with and one those did not.
4) Monera cell wall is made up of and
5) All protists don’t contain a cell wall. T/F
6) Loose tissue body of organisation is present in
7) Monerans cannot be saprophytic. T/F
8) Holozoic mode of nutrition is present in kingdom,
9) The Animalia kingdom contains saprophytic animals. T/F
10) Whittaker gave 5 kingdom classification in _ year. 11) Criterias used by Whittaker for classification was (5) (NEET) 12) Earlier Chlamydomonas and Spirogyra were placed together under _
13) Kingdom has brought together _ and (having cell wall) with
and (lacking cell wall). (NEET)
14) Phylogenetic means ? (NEET)
15) are the sole members of kingdom monera.
16) 4 categories based on shape –
17) Bacterial structure is very complex, yet they are very simple in behavior. T/F
18) The shows the most extensive metabolic diversity. (NEET)
19) Vast majority of bacteria are autotrophs. T/F
20) bacteria live in some of the most harsh habitats (NEET 2019 Odhisa)
21) Name the 3 divisions of archaebacteria and their habitat. (NEET)
22) Archaebacteria differs from others by having . (NEET)
23) The reason for the survival of archaebacteria in extreme conditions is ?
24) are present in the gut of ruminants. (NEET)
25) Methanogens are chemoautotrophs/chemoheterotrophs.
26) Eubacteria have rigid cell wall. T/F
27) Eubacteria, if motile, contains cilia. T/F
28) Cyanobacteria is also called have
type of chlorophyll.
29) Cyanobacteria can’t be filamentous. T/F (NEET)
30) Cyanobacteria can be colonial. T/F
31) The colonies of cyanobacteria are surrounded by
32) They form _ in polluted water. 33) Some can fix atmospheric nitrogen in specialised cells called __
34) Ex of bacteria containing heterocyst are (2) (NEET)
35) _ bacteria oxidise various inorganic substances
such as , , for energy. (NEET) 36) ____ play a great role in recycling of nutrients like (4)
37) _ bacteria are most abundant in nature. (NEET)
38) Nostoc is a filamentous/unicellular cyanobacteria. (NEET)
39) are helpful in making curd from milk, production of antibiotics. (NEET)
40) Heterotrophic bacteria help in fixation of nitrogen in roots. T/F
41) Name the 4 well known diseases caused by bacteria and their causative agent. (NEET)
42) Bacteria produce spores in favorable conditions. T/F
43) In bacteria, a primitive type of sexual reproduction is also present. T/F
44) 3 ways through which bacteria reproduce –
45) 3 ways through which bacteria do sexual reproduction –
46) completely lack cell wall. (NEET)
47) Mycoplasma cannot survive without oxygen. T/F (NEET)
48) _ are the smallest living organism. (NEET)
49) Mycoplasma are never pathogenic. T/F (NEET)
50) All are placed under Protista. (NEET)
51) Groups under protista are (5)
52) Members of protists are primarily
53) This kingdom forms a link with other kingdoms. T/F
54) This group include and _ (NEET)
55) They are found only in marine water . T/F
56) They are microscopic and are planktons. T/F (NEET)
57) What are planktons ?
58) Most of them are
59) The cell wall form two thick/thin overlapping shells, which fit together as in a (NEET)
60) The walls are embedded with and thus the walls are destructible/indestructible. (NEET)
61) What is diatomaceous earth ? (NEET)
62) Diatomaceous earth is used in (3).
63) _ are chief producers of oceans. (NEET)
64) They are mostly marine/free water and
65) They appear of 5 colour – (Rang birange :))
66) The cell wall has in the outer surface.
67) They have 2 cilla. T/F
68) Both the flagella are perpendicular to each other. T/F
69) Red dinoflagellates ex (1)
70) Red tides occur due to –
71) Red tides are good for marine fishes. T/F
72) Majority of them are marine/fresh water.
73) Are found in stagnant water T/F.
74) Instead of cell wall, they have which is rich in _
75) Euglenoids have a flexible body. T/F
76) Euglenoids have one single long flagella. T/F
77) Pigments of euglenoids are identical to those present in
78) They are permanent autotrophs. T/F
79) Ex – (1)
80) Slime moulds are _ protist.
81) Under suitable/unsuitable conditions, they form a
82) Plasmodium may spread over several feet. T/F
83) During favorable conditions, the plasmodium
differentiates and forms fruiting bodies bearing spores at their tips. T/F
84) The spore possess true/false walls
85) The spores are dispersed by
86) All protozoans are
87) Protozoans live as or
88) are believed to be primitive relatives of animals.
89) 4 major groups of protozoans are –
90) Habitat of ameboid protozoans. (3)
91) They capture their prey by (NEET)
92) They have shells on their surface.
93) Ex of ameboid parasite (1)
94) Habitat of flagellated protozoans (2)
95) Flagellated protozoans ex (1) and the disease it cause –
96) Ciliated protozoans have cavity called
97) Ex – (1)
98) Sporozoans have a spore like stage.
99) Sporozoans ex (1) and the disease it cause –
100) Fungi are cosmopolitan. T/F
101) The fungi kingdom only contains multicellular organisms. T/F
102) Their bodies contains long, like structures called
103) The network of hyphae is called _
104) What are coenocytic hyphae ?
105) The cell wall is composed of and (NEET)
106) Fungi are also parasitic. T/F
107) Symbionts ex (2)
108) Rep by vegetative means by (3)
109) Rep by asexual means by spores called __or _______or_
110) Sexual rep by (3)
111) The spores are produced in
112) Sexual cycle involves 3 steps –
113) Dikaryophase is present in (2)
114) In dikaryon cell, 2n condition is present. T/F
115) Basis of division of the kingdom is (3)
116) Phycomycetes can’t be obligate parasites on plants. T/F
117) Mycelium is aseptate/septate and 118) Asexual rep by (2) 119) These spores are end/exogenously produced in _
120) A _ is formed by fusion of two gametes. 121) Gametes are of 3 types – 122) Ex (3) 123) _ is a parasitic fungi on mustard.
124) Commonly known as 125) Yeast scientific name is ____ (NEET)
126) Modes of nutrition seen are – (4)
127) Mycelium branched/unbranched and septate/aseptate.
128) Asexual spore are –
129) Conidia are produced on endo/exogenously.
130) Conidia on germination produce
131) Sexual spore name and produced endo/exogenously.
132) Sexual spore produced in which are like. 133) These asci are arranged in different types of fruiting bodies called _
134) Ex (3)
135) is used extensively in biochemical and genetic work. (NEET)
136) and _ are edible. (NEET)
137) Commonly known forms are , or _ (NEET)
138) Ex of parasitic basidiomycetes. (2)
139) Mycelium branched/unbranched and septate/aseptate.
140) Asexual spores are generally found. T/F
141) Vegetative rep by is common.
142) Sex organs are present. T/F
143) Sexual reproduction is present . T/F
144) Plasmogamy occur through _ 145) The resultant structure is _ which ultimately give rise to
146) Karyogamy and meiosis occur in
147) Basidiospores are endogenously/exogenously produced on _ 148) Basidia are arranged in fruiting bodies called _
149) Ex (3) (NEET)
150) Commonly known as (NEET)
151) They are imperfect fungi because – (NEET)
152) Reproduce by spore called
153) Mycelium features (2) (NEET)
154) Mode of nutrition is (3) (NEET)
155) They help in mineral cycling. T/F (NEET)
156) Ex (3)
157) Ex of insectivorous plant (2).
158) Ex of a parasitic plant. (1)
159) Animals stores food as or
160) All plants are eukaryotic chlorophyll containing organisms. T/F
161) In the Whittaker classification, he didn’t include organisms.
162) Virus have _ structure outside the living cell.
163) “Virus” means or
164) __ gave virus its name.
165) recognised in year certain microbes as causal agents of mosaic disease of tobacco. (NEET) 166) ____ saw that extract from infected plants cause infection in healthy plants
hence called the fluid in year (NEET) 167) (year) showed that viruses could be crystalilsed. (NEET)
168) Virus crystal consist largely of
169) Virus are not obligate parasite, they can be helpful too. T/F
170) Virus can contain both RNA and DNA. T/F
171) A virus is in short a _
172) Virus infecting plant have _ genetic material. 173) Virus infecting animals have genetic material.
174) Bacteriophages means ?
175) Genetic material of bacteriophages is
176) The protein coat is made up of (NEET)
177) These capsomeres are arranged in _ or
178) Viral diseases in humans ex. (5)
179) In plants, viral diseases are (5)
180) Viroids were discovered by in year.
181) Viroids are bigger than virus. T/F (NEET)
182) It is a free RNA/DNA. (NEET)
183) It lacks a protein coat. T/F
184) The RNA of viroid was of high molecular weight. T/F (NEET)
185) are mis-folded proteins.
186) Prions cause _ in cattle and its analogous variant in humans.
187) Algal component of lichen is called and fungal is called
188) Fxn of algal and fungal component respectively are –
189) Lichen are very good indicators of . They don’t grow in _ (NEET)